WASHINGTON, DC—While ongoing efforts by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services have helped reduce the risky off-label use of antipsychotic drugs among dementia patients living in nursing homes, the use of these drugs has increased slightly among dementia patients living in the community, according to a new AARP Public Policy Institute report.
Using data from OptumLabs Data Warehouse, the report, “Off-Label Antipsychotic Use in Older Adults with Dementia: Not Just a Nursing Home Problem,” found that the share of elderly people with dementia age 65 and older who used antipsychotic drugs while living in assisted living facilities or at home increased by about 6 percent from 12.6 percent in 2012 to 13.4 percent in 2015. Off-label antipsychotic use was highest among certain groups: women, people age 75-plus, and those living in the South.
“It’s concerning that the use of antipsychotic drugs is not decreasing among these dementia patients during a time when antipsychotic use has reportedly dropped substantially among nursing home residents with dementia,” said Elizabeth Carter, AARP Public Policy Institute senior health services research advisor. “These drugs are known to be risky when prescribed to elderly patients with dementia.”
Antipsychotic drugs are FDA-approved for the treatment of four indications: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, Tourette syndrome, or Huntington’s disease. These drugs include Abilify, Clozaril, Haldol, Risperdal, Seroquel, and Zyprexa, among others. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration requires such drugs to include a black box that warns about an increased risk of death when used in elderly patients who have dementia-related psychosis.
“Efforts to reduce the off-label use of antipsychotic drugs among elderly people with dementia should be expanded beyond nursing homes,” said Carter. “This is especially important since many nursing home residents begin antipsychotic drugs prior to their arrival at the facility.”
Full research results are here: www.aarp.org/APDstudy
- US Nursing Homes Misuse Drugs to Control Residents (February 5, 2018)
- National Partnership to Improve Dementia Care in Nursing Homes: Antipsychotic Medication Use Data Report (March 2017)
- Genesis Healthcare, Inc., Sued for Administering Drugs to Nursing Home Resident without Legal Consent (September 8, 2016)
- Antipsychotics in Nursing Homes: These dangerous medications are prescribed at an alarming rate without the patient’s consent (AARP Bulletin, July/August 2014)
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AARP is the nation’s largest nonprofit, nonpartisan organization dedicated to empowering people 50 and older to choose how they live as they age. With a nationwide presence and nearly 38 million members, AARP strengthens communities and advocates for what matters most to families: health security, financial stability and personal fulfillment. AARP also produces the nation's largest circulation publications: AARP The Magazine and AARP Bulletin. To learn more, visit www.aarp.org or follow @AARP and @AARPadvocates on social media.